Human Performance

Eye tracking is frequently employed in this field to evaluate success, compare novices versus experts, develop effective training protocols, and evaluate cognitive strategy.

Eye tracking in human performance studies

For the vast majority of physical movement tasks, visual behavior and human performance are closely linked. In the study of biomechanics, eye tracking is a valuable tool to gain insight into how different individuals gather cognitive information and perform tasks. This methodology is used in areas like sports research, sports psychology, training evaluation, and novice versus expert studies.

You can discover:

  • Differences in information gathering
  • Differences in problem-solving skills
  • Efficient search patterns

By understanding the visual aspects of task completion, researchers can identify causes for performance gaps and define appropriate improvements to human output.

In this video, Prof. Dr. Guido Ellert from the Macromedia University of Applied Science in Munich, Germany, explains how he uses eye tracking in order to obtain insights into human behavior.


Products and services

Tobii Pro offers hardware and software, along with training and support, for the study of human performance in different situations. We have flexible solutions for research in real-world environments and in lab settings.

We have created eye trackers with a range of capabilities- from easy-to-use live viewing in order to get immediate insights to more advanced solutions for the full spectrum of qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Tobii Pro Glasses 2

This wearable eye tracking system is ideal for research in real-world environments or simulators. The system is lightweight and unobtrusive in order to capture the most natural subject behavior. Pro Glasses 2 is commonly used in human performance studies in industrial environments, control rooms, simulators, or in sports research.

Learn more about Tobii Pro Glasses 2.

Screen-based eye tracking

The Tobii Pro X2 and X3 eye trackers are screen-based solutions suitable for a broad range of human performance studies. The compact form-factor allows this technology to be used in any research involving a TV or monitor, such as a control room or a cockpit.

Learn more about the Tobii Pro X2 or X3.

Tobii Pro Lab

Tobii Pro Lab is a brand new software platform for extensive research into human behavior using eye tracking and various other biometric data streams. It can be used with both our screen-based and wearable eye trackers. This easy-to-use software supports the entire process - from test design and recording, to the interpretation and presentation of results while offering the ability to sync with other biometric data sources.

Pro Lab adds efficiency in every step of your study workflow with intelligent design and intuitive software tools. You can easily create complex experiments, collect data, observe and analyze individual recordings, and aggregate data for quantitative analysis and visualization – all in one tool.

Learn more about the Tobii Pro Lab.

Tobii Pro Services

Our experts produce webinars, courses, training programs, and instructional videos to help you learn about all the facets of conducting eye tracking research. The offered topics span the entire process, from experiment design and managing subjects to data analysis and reporting. Pro Services will get you up to speed quickly and successfully as you enter the world of eye tracking research.

If you are looking to establish in-house eye tracking competence, we can help. Whether you want help developing research methods using eye tracking or assistance in setting up a completely new human performance lab, our consultants bring practical experience to the challenge.

Learn more about Tobii Pro Services


Using Eye Tracking to Analyze Surfers’ Gaze Patterns

Under the name Vision in Motion (VIM), several researchers from different areas of sports science combined their existing research constructs to study perceptual-cognitive expertise in surfing using both eye tracking and motion analysis technology. The insights obtained can help enhance the performance of athletes by optimizing their perception and action patterns. Read more

Swiss Ice Hockey Association

In this study conducted by the Swiss Ice Hockey Association, eye tracking was used to study gaze behavior during the physical task of shooting in ice hockey. The study generated new insights into the gaze behavior of successful shooters, which will be used to develop shooting techniques and training methods to maintain progress in shooting skills. Read more

University of Birmingham

The University of Birmingham used eye tracking to examine how different operators perform road traffic control tasks and make decisions based on noisy data streams from various sensing technologies and historical data. Read more

In the video Billy Josefsson (Senior Advisor ATM, Safety and Human Performance for Luftfartsverket) explains the value of eye tracking in air traffic control; both in simulators and working air traffic control towers.

  • Martin, C., Cegarra, J., & Averty, P. (2011). Analysis of Mental Workload during En-route Air Traffic Control Task Execution Based on Eye-Tracking Technique. In D. Harris (Ed.), Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics (pp. 592–597). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from
  • Marshall, S. P. (2009). What the Eyes Reveal: Measuring the Cognitive Workload of Teams. In V. G. Duffy (Ed.), Digital Human Modeling (pp. 265–274). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from
  • Dehais, F., Causse, M., & Pastor, J. (2008). Embedded eye tracker in a real aircraft: new perspectives on pilot/aircraft interaction monitoring. Presented at the Proceedings from The 3rd International Conference on Research in Air Transportation. Fairfax, USA: Federal Aviation Administration.

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